| Test your GIS planning skills by answering the following questions. These questions address some of the important issues related to GIS planning. The answers are covered later in the book, so don't worry if you get some wrong. |
| ||Test your knowledge|
What is the first step of the GIS planning process?
To begin the planning process, you will review the strategic business plan of your organization. This involves answering the following questions about your organization:
Hiring a consultant to do the planning for you is highly recommended in order to make the planning process more efficient.
Although a GIS consultant can certainly be hired to assist and advise in the planning process, it is not necessary, and the consultant should never do the actual planning for you. Consultants are paid to help for a period of time and then they leave. They can walk away from the system—you can't. If you let them do the planning for you, chances are greater that you will have an insufficient understanding of the GIS you are left to manage.
You should create a project proposal for the GIS planning process.
Because a GIS project is not usually a short-term effort, the planning alone can be an important undertaking, requiring a significant amount of time and money. You should prepare for this task by creating a formal proposal for the planning itself that is presented to senior-level management in order to secure their support for the process and the resources that are required to plan effectively.
At what point during the planning process do you involve senior-level management?
From the beginning to the end of the process, involving senior-level management is crucial to successful GIS planning. To secure and keep planning resources throughout the process you must keep senior-level management advised and informed during each phase.
What is the final step of the GIS planning process?
The final step is to give a final report to senior management that sums up the results of the planning process. Once this is done, and they approve, implementation can occur with their support.
The planning procedure you should follow depends on the type of GIS you are implementing.
The fundamentals of the planning methodology that you will learn in this course are the same regardless of the make, type, or size of your GIS.
System implementation begins with a pilot project.
For many systems, starting implementation with a pilot project is not necessary. A pilot project may be useful, but it is not always an effective tool, and in certain cases can become a hindrance to full system implementation.
When you initially identify the name of a potential information product that the GIS will create, what other key detail needs to be recorded?
When initially identified, you must record the name of the person who requested the GIS information product. If you have their name you can go back to the person and help them create an information product description. It also prevents you from trying to imagine by yourself what information products are needed. There is no point in defining an information product that no one wants.